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Industry Development

 

In 2004, state-owned industrial enterprises and non-state enterprises with annual turnover exceeding five million yuan achieved industrial added value of 5,480.5 billion yuan and realized profits of 1,134.2 billion yuan, representing 16.7 percent and 36 percent year-on-year rises respectively, and revealing a gratifying simultaneous improvement in speed, quality and benefit. Since 1996, China has led the world in the production of steel, coal, cement, farm-use chemical fertilizer and television sets.

Increase in outputs of major industrial products

Product

Unit

1978

1990

2000

2003

2004

Raw coal 

100 million tons 

6.18 

10.80 

9.98 

16.67 

19.56

Crude oil  

10,000 tons

10,405 

13,831 

16,300 

16,960 

17,500

Power  

100 million kwh

2,566 

6,212 

13,556 

19,106 

21,870

Steel

10,000 tons 

3,178  

 6,635 

12,850 

22,234 

27,280

Cement 

10,000 tons 

6,524 

20,971 

59,700 

86,208 

97,000

Automobiles 

10,000 

14.91

 51.40 

207.00 

444.39 

507.4

Large and medium-sized tractors 

10,000 

11.35 

3.94 

4.10 

4.88 

9.83

Color TV sets 

10,000 

0.38  

1,033.04 

3,936.00 

6,541

7,328

Chemical fibers 

10,000 tons 

28.46 

165.42 

694.00 

1,181 

1,424

Yarn     

10,000 tons 

238.2

462.6 

657.0

983.6

1,120

Cloth      

100 millionm

110.3

188.8

277.0

353.5

420.0

Sugar    

10,000 tons 

227

582

700 

1,084 

1,018

Sulfuric acid   

10,000 tons 

661

1,197 

2,427 

3,371 

3,994

Farm-use chem-ical fertilizers      

10,000 tons 

869.3

1,879.7

3,186

 3881

4,469

Ethylene    

10,000 tons 

38.0

 157.2

470.0

611.8

 626.6

Integrated circuits

100 million  pieces 

0.3   

1.1 

58.8 

148.3

211.5 

Program-controlled  Switchboards      

10,000 lines 

--

--

7,136.0

7,379.9

8,464.8

Telephones 

10,000    

--

--

 5,247.9

18,231.4 

23,344.6

Micro-electronic computers    

10,000

--

8.2

 672.0

3,216.7

 4,512.4

 
 
 

 

 

  

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